Cultural dimensions of Ixora and pattern design for applying to Benjarong production
Keywords:Cultural Dimensions, Ixora, Pattern Design, Benjarong
Ixora in Thailand is a flower that obtained influences from India. This kind of flower has been planted along the fence of the house and became flower that have been used in daily life of Thai people. This research aims to search cultural dimensions in the aspects of meaning, beliefs, rituals, wisdom, traditions related to using Ixora to apply to Benjarong pattern design. This research uses qualitative method in the aspect of descriptive analysis. Regarding the scope of the data study about Ixora in Thailand, the persons who provide the information are 3 flower experts. Researcher provides them interview form and observe to collect the information for research result analysis, and then uses it to design pattern for Benjarong production. The research result shows that Ixora has 4 aspects of cultural dimensions. The meaning of Ixora is perspicacity. In the aspect of beliefs, it means perspicacity in all subjects, not limited to only one subject. Ixora characteristics are used to compare to intelligence because Ixora possesses pointed form, sharpness, intelligence, and has beautiful colors like red, white, and yellow. In addition, its stamens provide sweetness hidden inside, which can be mentioned that Ixora has not only intelligence but also sweetness hidden inside, and also has values. In the aspect of rituals, Ixora is used in auspicious rituals and paying respect to teachers. In the aspect of wisdom, Ixora is used in artificial art such as pendant necklace and Chinese tassel uba. In the aspect of traditions, Ixora is used in Wai Khru ceremony. In the aspects of pattern design, bloom Ixora is used as an inspiration in designing pattern by applying concept of C - CAT: FMB which means bringing cultural identity to combine with pattern design process and then develop Benjarong for tableware products and home decorations.
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