Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning and effect of health education among married women in Punjab, Pakistan
Keywords:Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Family Planning, Contraceptive Methods, Health Education.
Unplanned pregnancies among married women are a biggest international issue that expose them to harmful consequences, including maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The objective of the study was to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning among married women. It was a quasi-experimental study in which three Community Health Centers of Shahdara in Lahore were sampled using purposive sampling method. Pre and post intervention knowledge, attitude and practice was assessed through adopted and modified questionnaire regarding family planning in 52 married women of reproductive age. Results showed that mean knowledge of the participants which was 4.1154 points before intervention increased to 9.9231 points after health education (t = -11.677, p = 0.000,). Participants average attitudinal score increased dramatically from 1.6731 points at starting point to 12.0769 points after the intervention (t = -18.681, p = 0.000, df = 51). Following the intervention, study participants' mean practice score increased from 2.2308 to 5.3462 (t =- 16.434, p = 0.000. the findings can be yielded that educational intervention has significant positive effect on women’s knowledge regarding family planning.
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