Relationship of oncology nurses’ knowledge and self-efficacy with the quality of life (QOL) of cancer patients in Punjab, Pakistan: an empirical investigation.
Keywords:Oncology Nurses, Knowledge and Self-Efficacy, Quality of Life, Cancer Patients.
It is hypothesized that oncology nurses’ knowledge and self-efficacy play an instrumental role for improving the Quality of Life (QoL) of cancer patients. Palliative care is the greatest way to treat patients who have advanced tumours or metastatic cancers and are not responding to any specific treatments. This study was conducted to investigate the strength of relationship of oncology nurses’ knowledge and self-efficacy with the quality of life of cancer patients. The cross-sectional analytical research design was used. The nurses working in oncology centres & cancer patients of stage III and stage IV were considered as study population. The non-probability purposive sampling was used. The sample of 150 oncology nurses and 150 cancer patients were selected from the five hospitals in the Punjab, Pakistan. The analysis yielded that the mean knowledge score among oncology nurses regarding palliative care was 8.78 ± 2.31. The nurses also had a mean self-efficacy score of 33.6 ± 7.85. Notably, 72.0% of cancer patients (n=108) experienced poor quality of life, while 28.0% (n=42) reported an average quality of life. Statistical analysis revealed significant relationships between nurses' knowledge and self-efficacy in palliative care (p=0.044) and between nurses' knowledge and the quality of life of cancer patients (p=0.013). Palliative care-experienced nurses with adequate knowledge and high self-efficacy yield improved outcomes and enhance quality of life for advanced cancer patients, emphasizing the value of healthcare organizations prioritizing nurse expertise.
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